History of the technology
1875, Richard Caton presented his findings on electrical phenomena of the exposed cerebral hemispheres of rabbits and monkeys in the British Medical Journal
1912, Russian physiologist Vladimir Vladimirovich Pravdich-Neminsky published the first animal EEG.
1936, Gibbs and Jasper reported the interictal spike as the focal signature of epilepsy.
A few years later, the EEG has been accepted by the international scientific community, and it had become a key diagnostic and research tool. EEG is commonly used to easily detect schizophrenic and epileptic brain abnormalities.
1960’s, Experiments began to uncouple the relationship between the activity of populations of neurons – the primary information-processing cells of the brain – and brain rhythms. In particular, the frequency and amplitude of the EEG seemed to correlate with the rate of activity of individual neurons, and both slowed down during sleep (Evarts 1962; Evarts 1964; Green et al. 1960).
1970’s, Brainwave entrainment techniques started to develop using digitally encoded audio beats, strobe lights, or low-energy electromagnetic fields. Brainwave entrainment is a method to stimulate the brain into entering a specific state by using a pulsing sound, light, or electromagnetic field. The pulses elicit the brain’s "frequency following" response, encouraging the brainwaves to align with the frequency of a given beat. Devices went to the market to increase IQ, weight loss, facilitate "mind-tripping", enhance creativity and concentration, inducing spiritual states and more.
1980’s, Numerous brainwave entrainment experiments and publications. Brainwave to music experiments.
1989, Peniston and Kulkosky reported stunning research results in which stage 4 alcoholism (with a long-term history of treatment failure) was fully re-mediated in some Vietnam veterans by a treatment program which included alpha training as a primary component. The results were so incredible that initially, they were given essentially no credence by the scientific community.
1990's, A Metro-Dade Police Department study concluded that entrainment can reduce both muscle tension and heart rate. Psychological tests also showed the police were better equipped to handle stressful situations following entrainment.
In 1992, a report from the University of Alberta found that correct entrainment produced a marked decrease in pain. In 1993, a blind study group of learning disabled boys between the ages of 8 and 12 found that after forty sessions, the children showed an average IQ increase of 8 points. Another report in 1994 used entrainment to successfully treat children with ADD. In the mid-90s, scientists used it to treat PMS successfully (symptom reduction of 50%+) in over three-quarters of those using entrainment.
Further studies throughout this period have found that brainwave entrainment has brought favorable results for those with chronic fatigue, SAD, hypertension, headaches & migraines, ADD symptoms, and chronic pain.
From 2004, Several companies started to release low cost wearable products (sensor only), toys and interactive games based on the brainwaves.
2012, Brainwave Science offers its patented Brain Fingerprinting Technology with applications in National Security, Counterterrorism, Border Security, Human and Drug Trafficking and Immigration Control to law enforcement agencies worldwide. With the synergies of our competent technical team, scientists and experts from law enforcement Brainwave Science developed and modernized its patented Brain Fingerprinting technology to fulfil a fundamental need to prevent disasters, deliver truth and administer justice. Brain Fingerprinting scientifically identifies whether information is stored in the brain by precisely measuring brainwaves.
2015, Researchers Build Brain-Machine Interface to Control Prosthetic Hand
Non-invasive technique allows amputee to use bionic hand, powered by his thoughts
A research team from the University of Houston created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle and other objects with a prosthetic hand, powered only by his thoughts.
A 5 channel EEG sensor, iOS and Android software to save, view, analyse, transfer the data, plus a 5 channel electromagnetic wave generator (brain entrainment) in one.